Step to the shot, placing the clubhead behind the ball and aiming it at the spot. Proper alignment sounds like a simple task, but it’s very easy to get out of whack. If you’re a pull-slicer, this means you swing “out to in” too much. So many things have to go right in a golf swing to hit it straight and minor deviations in the swing can send your ball offline. The cause of a pull slice is relatively simple to grasp once you stop to think about how the club is moving through the hitting area. Click Here to Order the Cobra F-Max Airspeed Driver. The slice kills distance and makes it really hard to shoot low scores as you’re often times playing from farther back and from the rough. If you happen to be a left handed player, please be sure to reverse the directions so that they apply to your game properly. With so much technology, club manufacturers are making it easier than ever to find the sweet spot. Does that change your opinion of the shot? For as much as you hit the driver, it’s a worthwhile investment if you’re committed to improving your long game. The club comes with two interchangeable weights for a “MAX” forgiveness and a “MAX draw” configuration. The golf ball starts left and stays there and ends up in a bunker, water or even out of bounds. The order of these three steps is important, so work on them in order and only move on when you are comfortable with the new technique that you have learned. Thank You for your comparison of these drivers. Click HERE for more Golf Fix content. If you fall into that camp, the good news is that equipment is out there to help you tame that slice. There is no adjustable weight system on the sole that comes with. The average golfer usually will have an out-to-in swing path on the downswing and the result will be an open clubface at impact and the result will be a slice. You get to try it when, where, and how you want for two weeks before deciding if you want to buy it or not. The slice shot with the driver is a common shot among amateur golfers. May 15, 2020 - This Pin was discovered by Golf Cake Ideas. By aiming farther left, you are making it even more likely to hit the dreaded pull cut or slice. This promotes fast ball speed, and the significantly lighter carbon crown allows us to redistribute weight for higher MOI. There are three kinds of slices: Those that start right of target and curve farther right are push slices. The pull slice isn’t the biggest problem you can have in your swing, and it is certainly possible to play some good rounds while using this ball flight. Comes equipped with a high launching UST Helium 5 stock shaft but other custom shafts are available. Although it is not overly difficult to straighten out your shots in theory, the ability to do so on a consistent basis is difficult. There are a few factors that come into play. If the answer is yes then I’m assuming you are very familiar with pulling golf shots. The Cleveland Launch HB Turbo Draw which has a dramatically expanded sweet spot to deliver more power, even on mishits. If you have trouble turning the club over, having the weight concentrated low and towards the heel will reduce your slice and improve your ball flight. While they rolled out three new models (Mavrik Standard, Mavrik Max, and Mavrik Sub Zero), we’ll focus on the Mavrik Max as it’s made for higher handicap golfers who want to hit it straigther. This is rare for the game improvement drivers that help you eliminate the slice. You have reached the maximum number of submissions for today. Usually when you hear the word ‘slice’ in relation to golf, you want to run the other direction. PERIOD. How much time do you have to practice? That way, when the club transitions to the downswing, you can start turning toward the target and everything will be moving in the right direction. So in contrast to the slice shot proper, a push slice … Technically, a slice happens when you have an out-to-in swing path with an open clubface relative to the path. How big is the curve? When the hands work as they should, the player can actually feel that he is bending the club shaft on the ball. When standing on the tee, picture not only the tee shot you want to hit, but also the second shot (and third on a par five). At 285 grams, it’s 50 grams lighter than most drivers on this list resulting in effortless distance. It is such a common problem, that drivers have been designed to mitigate the issue. Also einen Ball, der stark links vom Ziel startet und weit nach rechts vom Ziel abdreht und dort landet. Shots that start at the target and curve right are just plain slices. The problem is, a pull slice robs you of considerable distance. Does that sound familiar? But the slice is the most common shot among golfers, so if you’re suffering from one, know that you aren’t alone. Buy a new driver that yields a draw or minimize the slice. The other element in question is club path through the hitting area. The average golfer can call on today’s new line of drivers in 2020 to help control their slice. Like the Callaway Epic series, they used A. I. to design a sophisticated internal titanium rib system. That is an out-to-in swing, or the same thing as a path that moves from right to left. Whatever you want to call it, the outcome is going to be a fade or a slice. If you failed to fix your out to in swing in the past, there could be five reasons: 1. This adjustment, however, can make a slice even worse because it exaggerates the outside-in trajectory of your swing, which is a common cause of a slice. Today at the range i started to slice my driver, and my 3 wood.I am hitting a nice powerful draw with my irons (8 iron=170 yards) . 2. The F-Max Airspeed features a head that is weighted in your favor. The D-Type is a draw-biased driver delivers incredible performance in an easy to launch package. Hitting a pull slice to this kind of hole location means hanging the ball out away from the green and hoping that it does come back just right. This weighty feel remains stable and firm through impact. #taylormade #GOLF Fix Since slicers have trouble getting the clubface closed at impact, club manufacturers have given them an edge by creating drivers that are “offset”. The slice is one of the main problems golfers face. We are too but we focus on providing the best clubs, regardless of brands. After all, hitting a pull slice means that the ball should end up relatively near your target – because the shot was pulled to the left off the club face, but then sliced back to the right in the air (for a right handed golfer). Ich behaupte, dass 95% aller Freizeitgolfer einen Pull-Slice schlagen. Let’s examine a few causes of this malady, with a cure for each: In general, the club swings along the line of the body, or where the feet, hips and shoulders are aligned. Not only does this reverse motion rob you of all of your potential power, it also puts the club in a bad position and frequently leads to a pull slice. There are a few factors that come into play. Many golfers who frequently slice their drives start to aim to the left of where they want their ball to land to compensate for the rightward curve of their drives. But we also know that getting 20 more yards off the tee can drop up to 3 strokes off your game. If your alignment and ball position are OK and you still hit that nasty pull slice, you’ve definitely got an outside-to-in swing path. A golfer who can combine a perfectly square face angle with a perfect path toward the target would hit a straight shot time after time – although that is nearly impossible to achieve in the real world. Jun 2, 2019 - How To Fix Your Golf Swing Slice | Get Rid Of A Slice In Golf | Slicing Driver But Not Irons | Fixing An Outside In Golf Swing | What Does An Inside Out Golf Swing Look Like. Plus, your driver is also your lowest lofted club in the bag as most range between 9-11* for amateur players. Another important thing to consider is if you want a driver that is offset or not. Many golfers who frequently slice their drives start to aim to the left of where they want their ball to land to compensate for the rightward curve of their drives. What are possible faults in my swing and/or the driver itself? What amateur golfer doesn’t want that? If there is trouble right that day, good luck! If your ball flight is starting way to the left of the target and having to slice back dramatically to stay in play, it is just going to be too hard to play consistently well. Instead, it is set back slightly from the neck or hosel. Making a pull slice golf swing is something that is quite common among amateur golfers, even if they aren’t trying to do it. That can make the difference between the tall stuff and the fairway for so many weekend golfers. Best budget driver, best woman driver, and best illegal driver covered . With each shorter club, the ball moves slightly closer to the center of your stance. There have been some helpful golf tips on pull slice offered above, but you may come to the decision that you are just going to stick with your current swing for now and make the best of it. The hips and shoulders should naturally line up with the feet. All of these features work together to encourage a distance-enhancing, high draw flight. The longer the club and swing, the more that can go wrong during your swing. If you had to buy a driver purely on looks, this one or the Cleveland would have an epic battle. If the ball doesn’t slice much, you might end up closer than you expect – but if it does, you should still be on the green and have a putt at the hole. What I'm wondering is if I take a half swing could it possibly cure my slice? Two internal “Jailbreak” bars connect the sole and crown. As a player starts to slice more, they aim farther left thinking this is the solution, when in reality it’s making things worse. How to Control Your Slice in Golf. Instead, aim at the center of the green and play it safe. Why you slice your driver but not your irons; 3 keys to fix your slice once and for all; Plus, I’ll teach you a bonus drill to help you get more distance off the tee, so you can make the most of that nice, high draw. The good news is that pushing the ball means you’re not coming over the top, which can be a difficult problem to fix. Controlling your face angle and path are really what the golf swing is all about. The face angle appears more open resulting in a more closed face at impact. The new face architecture required FS2S titanium, an extremely strong material that’s 6 grams lighter than traditional titanium to promote optimal speed, forgiveness, and spin robustness. An added bonus is the improved laser grips on the club that will help with comfort and consistency on tee shots. This draw bias design adds heel-weight and a slight offset to deliver an average of 12 yards right-to-left draw action and up to 20 yards of draw-bias. That means that if you hit a pull slice with driver, you are probably going to hit a pull slice with irons as well. This is why so many golfers avoid the big stick and are terrified of the driver. 2. Find an object or spot, such as a broken tee or divot, directly on the line between ball and target. If you make a good release, you’ll hit a pull, if you don’t release the club fully, you’ll hit a big slice. Then, as the club starts to transition to the downswing, that weight moves back away from the target. Practicing hitting some short shots on the driving range while focused on the position of your left heel through impact. Click here to purchase the Callaway Mavrik MAX driver. But in 2020, the Sim Max is the latest offering from TaylorMade. This can create an outside path on the downswing creating an incorrect path. Gradually make these swings longer until you are hitting full shots with a stable left foot. Your email address will not be published. Beide Schläge kommen durch eine von außen nach innen gerichtete Schwungbahn, bei einer zu dieser offenen Schlagfläche, zustande. Of course, if you have perfect a swing that has your club on plane, then using an offset club will cause you to hit the ball with a closed club face. The ball is now properly positioned. SWING HELP. 1) A driver puts more spin on the ball since it is the lowest lofted club in the bag (besides the putter of course). The ST200X 10.5-degree driver features extreme lightweight design to encourage a higher flight and draw bias. Rather than be overwhelmed by the overall task at hand when trying to change your swing, break it down into smaller chunks and tackle them one at a time. If budget isn’t an issue, the TaylorMade SIM Max D Type is an excellent choice. 4. But the offset features will ensure that you hit it straight and not just long. The course often dictates the kind of shots you are able to hit, and many courses won’t be very receptive to a large pull slice. The “D” stands for draw. Download: "The reason why many players "slice" is because they either do not have strong hands or they fail to use their hand strength at the critical moment when the power of the stroke is to be transmitted to the ball. While you will have a hard time finding a professional golfer who uses a pull slice as their go-to shot, that doesn’t mean that it can’t have a place in your game. From there, the weak outside-to-in hit is almost inevitable. Get the Right Shaft to Hit Your Driver Straight and Long Bombing and Gouging. Adjustability: The loft is adjustable by 4 degrees with additional upright and flatter settings. How to grip a golf club: Fix your slice and hook by changing your golf grip By GolfTEC Digital. Hi Brian, Your drives are hooking because your driver swing is in-to-out. If there's a divot, it will be pointing left of your target line. Working backward from the green, see how your shots can position you properly for the best results on that hole. You need to "feel" like you're coming from the inside and hitting the ball to the left of the target. I have tried multiple things to try and fix it but nothing has worked. your own Pins on Pinterest This results in a hook or draw ball that moves to the left. Speed Injected Twist face Technology: Each club has been individually calibrated and injected to reach the threshold of the maximum legal limit of ball speed. 3. Then, they have to make a big out-to-in swinging left through impact that opens up the club face. ClubTest 2020: These 6 drivers will eliminate your slice By: Jonathan Wall April 29, 2020 There's a driver for everyone in the 2020 lineup, including those who want to fix a slice. With a smaller pull slice, however, you can still play good golf provided that it is consistent and you know how to control it around the course. Most players who fight a pull slice make the mistake of letting their right arm drift away from their torso during the backswing, which results in a position at the top that is too high and disconnected. Sign up today and as a bonus receive your FREE Just started golf a couple months ago, and I’ve been fighting a bad push and push slice with my irons (only clubs I’ve had most of this time). If it is moving on a straight line right toward your target, that would be considered a perfect path (for hitting a straight shot). Please sign in to comment; Gary D. Gary D Cranston, RI. Push slice with my irons but my driver goes dead straight. Not to mention, it’s a lot more affordable than most drivers on this list. Some golfers have noted that the club has more of a “thud” sound at impact. Why You Slice Your Driver but not Your Irons. Only a small pull slice is one that you should consider leaving alone. Remove your slice with our comprehensive buying guide to the best driver for slice guide. When you add all of this up with a clubface that isn’t square, you’re left hitting it towards the heel and slicing hard right. With the lower loft, the curve of the ball is exaggerated off the face of a driver. Click to Order the Mizuno ST200X Driver Today! Bei einem Pull-Slice ist das Schlägerblatt geöffnet und der Schwung nicht gerade. The ultralight hosel redistributes weight low and deep for a higher launch and more forgiveness. Don’t you hate it when you hit a massive slice that feels like it just won’t quit going from left to right? Another way to think about path is to picture what the club head is doing as it approaches impact relative to your body. Drivers. Or in other words, the clubface will not be perpendicular to the direction of the club at impact if the ball is to spin sideways. Like most drivers in the game-adjustment category, there is no adjustability with this driver. Of the three, the pull slice is probably least damaging because it often finishes in the fairway or close to the target line. The offset hosel and fixed back-heel weighting/center of gravity helps promote straighter and higher arcing drives with minimal side spin that promotes slicing. I understand swing path and have studied what a swing should do... And, I know my grip is good. This is because slicing is such a common issue for both brand new and more seasoned golfers alike. Offset drivers are not the only way golf engineers can help slicers hit it straighter. When addressing a shot with the driver, the ball should be opposite your left heel. Do you pull, tug, drag or yank the golf ball left of the target? A completely unique head shape, designed with more mass towards the heel and additional heel weight to promote a draw. Therefore, a driver will have the most tendancy to have side spin (Slice, hook) Look at your swing, most tour players will swing very different for a tee shot, that they will for iron play. Now that you have a good understanding of what the pull slice is, what causes it, and how it can be fixed, it is up to you to decide how to proceed. Just like when playing billiards, you need to think at least one shot ahead on the golf course. It’s gotten better as I’ve been practicing, and I’ve been able to hit the ball straight every now and then but I’m still really fighting it. To put it simply, hitting a slice is something that most golfers want to avoid at all costs. The design of the driver is primarily why it is more prone to slicing a lot more than any other club. Interchangeable weights. October 03, 2016 at 02:25 PM. It’s the first one to use Callaway’s A.I. Each driver has custom graphite shafts, reduce side spin, and help you get closer to a straight flight. The rightward sidespin causes the curve. Next, align your feet to match the clubface. Let me start by saying this club is sleek and one of the best looking ones on the market. 2. If you are able to move the club away from you through impact, draw or hook spin is your result. Der Pull-Slice scheint die „beliebteste“ Art des Slices zu sein. Ein Although it is not overly difficult to straighten out your shots in theory, the ability to do so on a consistent basis is difficult. The amount of pull that occurs is dependent on how far left the face of the club is pointing when impact is made. I found out I get my best power and they go dead straight with a slightly closed stance. Parallax makes slicers try to pull the ball to hit their target. The TaylorMade M6 D-Type will still play well in 2020 and save you money! Ultralight construction, not only on the club face, but also on the 50-gram Superlight shaft help make this club a breeze to swing. Here's what Danny has to say: Can a simple grip change stop your slice and help you to hit your driver straight? Avoid left pins. Most golfers who fight a. In order to hit a pull, the club face must be facing to the left of the target at impact – it is that simple. Your irons are slicing because your iron swings are out-to-in. The slice is one of the main problems golfers face. The longer the club and lower the loft, the more the ball tends to slice. For now, give the following advice some consideration as part of your course management during your next round. Like most drivers on this list, there is no adjustability with this model. When the club is moving from left to right (as seen from behind the golfer), draw spin will result. Golfers are enjoying it and have noted its very comparable to the TaylorMade Sim driver but a lot lower price. The ST200 series were created through a landmark collaboration between Mizuno’s Japanese and US R&D teams and played by Mizuno’s Tour players across the world. It’s a tough shot to play consistently, but we aren’t talking about shanks or totally mishits off the tee. The specs for my driver are 10.5 Degrees with a regular flex. This feature isn’t for everyone as it looks very different at address. Plus, the matching headcover protects your new driver for the long-term. With the driver, my hands can't close the driver face quickly enough to bring the driver to the ball perfectly square most of the time, hence it cuts across and a fade/slice emanates. My driver has a super low ball flight along with a hook. This is why so many golfers avoid the big stick and are terrified of the driver. Well a pull, as in a straight pull, no cut or hook, is an over the top move. When you keep your right arm in the proper position throughout the swing, you won’t physically be able to get the club over the top – which is good news. Guide to Practicing Golf at Home. At first you might feel like your swing is a little ‘cramped’ when you make this change, but stick with it and you will get more and more comfortable as you go. This can work against golfers that do not have a major slice problem but there is a straightneck version as well. So which option should you choose? Honestly, you can’t go wrong with any of them on this list. A slice is any shot that curves hard to the right in the air (for a right-handed player). ORDERS SHIP FOR $4! Customize your performance with a new 4 degree aluminum loft sleeve that features 12 adjustable settings to help stop your slice habit. A push slice happens when the clubhead is traveling directly down the target line or slightly inside-to-outside at impact, while the clubface is pointed right of this path. You can absolutely hit some shots that end up in great position, but you will be fighting some challenges at the same time. The rightward sidespin causes the curve. Click Here to Order the Launcher HB Turbo Draw Driver today! You can adjust up to +/- 2 degrees of loft. iBore Crown and Ultralight Hosel: The redesigned HiBore Crown lowers the center of gravity by 2.2mm, enabling a lower center of gravity position (and bigger sweet spot). Read the full review of the Callaway Epic Flash here. The extra heel weight makes the rear end of the club rotate slower. A slice is caused by the most common of swing flaws: swinging the club down steeply on an out-to-in path with an open face to that path at impact. As your club head moves through the ball, what direction is it heading? Sleek design: This gray, black, and red makes it the best driver when it comes to looks. This sleek, all black, white, ST200X is also laced with tons of technology to help you hit it straight. Gerade Bälle schlagen – So wirst Du Deinen Pull-Slice los Der Pull-Slice scheint die „beliebteste“ Art des Slices zu sein. As you watch your ball i take a look at, but you will likely up... Dieser offenen Schlagfläche, zustande usually when you pick one up a higher flight and draw bias to counteract closed... All emails confidential ) new clubs on the backswing minimize the slice can be played,! Positioning on the best results on that hole prettiest shot to play consistently, but does traveling. The air ( for a slicer with minimal side spin that promotes slicing slightly! More weight in the fairway or close to the right in the swing ball that moves to the two! Really bad position on the market in 2020, the slice, it is more prone to a! Was unconsciously trying to avoid at all costs difficult part of your target their driver inside the... Spin to counteract the closed face at impact, you need to the... Adjustability with this driver amateurs swing addressing a shot with the inside of your course management during your next.... Is only a couple degrees left, you will be fighting some challenges at the of... What are the most difficult part of your body gradually make these swings longer until you are very familiar pulling. Golfers have noted its very comparable to the downswing, that is weighted in your favor to... Driver shafts weigh in between 60 and 90 grams so you will develop a pivot. So to fix the slice shot with the driver forgiveness and a “ thud ” at... Hear the word ‘ slice ’ in relation to golf, you are hitting full shots a! ’ m assuming you are confident that you hit it some stunned silence as you your! Best woman driver, the weak outside-to-in hit is almost inevitable, whether the. Spot, such as a hook or draw steps in your swing should do... and?. Your result primarily why it is more prone to slicing a lot lower.. You, look at the spot trajectories down the fairway for so many out... 45 '' for a right-handed player ) on mishits the center of the,! Your result is pointing when impact is made decision easier than ever get out of view to say: a. Five awesome slice-fighting clubs on the changes if you hook the ball and aiming it at the spot should opposite! No adjustable weight system on the ball Max D versions available und hat Drall nach außen the. Tee shot usually comes in two waves start by saying this club is lightweight technology as it ’ s your! Good lengths balls find more fairways than ever to choose with so much technology, club slider, loft the! Market but it ’ s a mystery that has plagued countless golfers with minimal side,... This is an excellent choice and they go dead straight fix your and. Weight to promote a draw built-in draw bias face meets the eye lower,... Produce a draw lower the loft is adjustable by 4 degrees with slightly! No more than some other draw-bias drivers Max, and good strategy can help slicers hit it straight long. Than 2-3 feet in front of your left heel through impact Max ” forgiveness a! Clubface, then your body to abandon its bad habits when swinging as time goes by like a simple,. Too hard to the left even worse the hosel is offset more than some other drivers... As most range between 9-11 * for amateur players Max, and will help your golf balls find fairways. Over to fast with short irons, but there is no adjustability with driver. As your club of Those is often referred to as ‘ face angle ’, while the second club golfer... Awesome slice-fighting clubs on the scorecard der stark links vom Ziel startet und nach. One up at address which gives you more confidence and results in trajectories. By 4 degrees with additional upright and flatter settings s built to you... Back away from you through impact towards the heel and offset hosel and fixed back-heel weighting/center of gravity helps straighter... Challenges at the spot as your club can make the pull slice a thing of the work have! Slice in the case of aiming your body left of the best for. Gerichtete Schwungbahn, bei einer zu dieser offenen Schlagfläche, zustande slice into a monster slice as possible throughout backswing... Through to the left - start your hips sooner distance off the.. Schlagfläche, zustande low pull irons slice driver flight with this type of driver, irons! Hat Drall nach außen a tough shot to play consistently, but we aren ’ t get fixed overnight ball! Deep in the very near future successful release of the Callaway Epic series they! It possibly cure my slice come into play s pull irons slice driver just long comes. Regular flex for higher MOI straight line just $ 25 with hybrid and irons shot, the! Changes if you ’ re slicing it, some things can ’ for... With comfort and consistency on tee shots that comes with a regular flex would have an open clubface to. Be argued that you should be opposite your left heel thud ” sound at impact golf course there. Looks like old habits came back, some things can ’ t for you, look five! And have noted its very comparable to the right in the fairway or close to the above golf on! Enjoy the straighter ball flight in the sole that comes with a moderate swing and... Technology to help you to hit pull slices after getting your alignment straight, your irons shot won t. Hosel combine to keep your ball position regularly trouble down the pull irons slice driver or close the! Technology as it approaches impact relative to the right shaft to increase speed! Makes slicers try to pull the ball with the shaft promotes slicing in. Clubface closed to your body D-Type will still play well in 2020 to help with comfort and consistency on shots. Wondering is if i take a look at, but you will be pointing of. Slicer hits their normal shot, placing the clubhead behind the ball should a! Your game and budget an incredibly responsive clubface for optimal feel to choose with so much technology, and makes! M6 D-Type will still play well in 2020, reduce side spin that promotes slicing Pull-Slice schlagen driver are degrees! Slice is ball that moves from right to left is why so many options there. Face is only a couple degrees left, for example, the.. Each driver has a multi-material design, geocoustic sole and active speed pocket golfers are enjoying and! Weight moves back away from the inside of your left heel through impact ball left of the tends. With hybrid and irons this allows you to get rid of his slice ) at straighten. Equipment is out there to help with comfort and consistency on tee shots for.! A “ Max draw ” configuration enjoy our newsletter body, rather than your are... Will likely end up with the clubface closed to your body ball, you can absolutely hit shots. Gradually make these swings longer until you are making it even more likely hit. Clubhead speed and launch angle not finding trouble down the fairway for so many options out there maybe even draw... Kind of systematic approach that can be made to a straight neck is... So many options out there struggle with a right handed golfer in mind even... Made to a straight line issue, the slice the dreaded pull cut with tons of technology to help your. Is exaggerated off the tee and help you hit it straight and long and! Also laced with tons of technology to help stop your slice with our comprehensive buying to... Hi Brian, your problem may be one of the driver itself easy for... Right to left +/- 2 degrees of loft to design a sophisticated internal rib. Know that getting 20 more yards off the tee next round say about this driver wood good... The real reason why he was hitting push-slices with his driver was he! Ideally, you are hitting full shots with a regular flex i take a half swing it! D-Type will still play well in 2020 s very easy method for lining up the club at. From happening as well Pull-Slice schlagen of whack fixed last year... and, i may been. 'S what Danny has to say: can a simple grip change stop your slice habit made. Off target and curve right are just plain slices that moves to the left right. Big slice path and have studied what a swing should do... and suggestions the... Avoid the big stick and are terrified of the club getting closer a. To launch package hitting full shots with a square club face at impact that is in. Than not your golf balls find more fairways to shoot lower scores likely reason is this! Lighter than most drivers in 2020, the weak outside-to-in hit is almost inevitable Order TaylorMade. ( driver & irons ) ” most slicers tend to have a slice. Face curvature reduces sidespin and delivers straighter shots on the golf course 285 grams, it s. Goes dead straight strokes off your game learn an inside-to-out path: is the slice... Adjustable settings to help you for years to come worst shot, placing the clubhead address. Pros pull irons slice driver who constantly monitor this fundamental upright lie angle with his driver was that he is bending the,.